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NIST SP 800-16 Information Technology Security Training Requirements
A Role and Performance Based Model
on Wednesday 01 February 2006 print the content item {PDF=create pdf file of the content item^plugin:content.45}
in NIST.gov Publications > Special Publications - SP 800 series

Federal agencies and organizations cannot protect the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of information in today’s highly networked systems environment without ensuring that each person involved understands their roles and responsibilities and is adequately trained to perform them. The Computer Security Act of 1987 (Public Law 100-235) required that, “Each agency shall provide for the mandatory periodic training in computer security awareness and accepted computer practices of all employees who are involved with the management, use, or operation of each Federal computer system within or under the supervision of that agency.”

Download the NIST Special Publication 800-16

Please use the NIST.org Forum to ask questions or discuss this document.

(The below is a short description of SP 800-16 from NIST.gov, edited)

OPM regulation 5 CFR Part 930, entitled “Employees Responsible for the Management or Use of Federal Computer Systems” (January 1992) requires Federal agencies to provide training as set forth in NIST guidelines. It requires training: for current employees; new employees within 60 days of hire; whenever there is a significant change in the agency's IT security environment or procedures, or when an employee enters a new position which deals with sensitive information; and periodically as refresher training, based on the sensitivity of the information the employee handles. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-130, “Management of Federal Information Resources,” Appendix III, “Security of Federal Automated Information Resources,” re-emphasizes these mandatory training requirements. In addition, it requires that prior to being granted access to IT applications and systems, all individuals must receive specialized training focusing on their IT security responsibilities and established system rules.

Principles of the New Approach: Results-Based Learning
The learning approach presented in this document is designed on the following principles to
facilitate results-based learning.
  • Focuses on job functions, or roles and responsibilities specific to individuals, not job titles, and recognizes that individuals have unique backgrounds, and therefore, different levels of understanding.
  • Delineates the differences among awareness, training, and education.
  • Provides an integrated framework (planning tool) to identify training needs throughout the workforce and ensure that everyone receives appropriate training.
  • Provides a course development tool.
  • Provides a structure for evaluating learning effectiveness.
  • Is extensible.

The goal for use of this document is to facilitate the development or strengthening of a comprehensive, measurable, cost-effective IT security program which supports the missions of the organization and is administered as an integral element of sound IT management and planning. Protecting the value of an organization’s information assets demands no less. This approach allows senior officials to understand where, in what way, and to what extent IT-related job responsibilities include IT security responsibilities, permitting the most cost-effective allocation of limited IT security training resources.

---
The SP 800-16 document was created by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and is public domain (not subject to copyright).


NIST Special Publication # 800-16


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